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Wednesday, January 23, 2013

DIFFERENT WORLD DIFFERENT FRUIT : PEPINO



 DESCRIPTION


The pepino is related to the solanaceae family, that includes potato, aubergine and other products. Pepino is native to Andean regions of Colombia, Peru and Chile. The fruit is round or oval shaped. The color of the thin skin is yellow or greenish with reddish brown spots or stripes. The flesh is yellow, juicy and soft. Pepino has a sweet flavour and tastes like melon and pear. The centre of the fruit contains many flat, round, edible seeds.

Solanum muricatum is a species of evergreen shrub native to South America and grown for its sweet edible fruit.
It is known as pepino dulce ("sweet pepino" in English, in order to differentiate it from cucumber which is also called "pepino" in Spanish) or simply pepino; the latter is also used for similar species such as "S. mucronatum" (which actually seems to belong in the related genus Lycianthes). The pepino dulce fruit resembles a melon (Cucumis melo) in color, and its flavor recalls a succulent mixture of honeydew and cucumber, and thus it is also sometimes called pepino melon or melon pear, but pepinos are only very distantly related to melons and pears. Another common name, "tree melon", is more often used for the Papaya (Carica papaya) and the pepino dulce plant does generally not look much like a tree. The present species is, however, a close relative of other nightshades cultivated for their fruit, including the tomato (S. lycopersicum) and the eggplant (S. melongena), which its own fruit closely resembles.
The fruit is common in markets in Colombia, Ecuador, Bolivia, Peru and Chile, but less often overseas because it is quite sensitive to handling and does not travel well. Attempts to produce commercial cultivars and to export the fruit have been made in New Zealand,Turkey, Mauritius and Chile.

 

HEALTH BENEFITS

 

Pepino (Solanum muricatum Aiton), is a fruit that is still a family with eggplant family. This fruit comes from the Andes region of Peru and Chile (South America). In pepino fruits contain lots of vitamin C, but it also contains minerals, simple sugar and pottasium. In addition to health benefits of pepino fruit, the fruit is also very fresh taste (not too sweet or sour). Pepino fruit shape like a cucumber, with skin texture such as eggplant, but the content or the flesh soft and contain a high water content.

In America, pepino was selected as one super fruit along with other exotic fruits for antioxidant strength and health benefits. In China, this plant several times examined and shown to have no toxic effects to the body. In fact, now being developed seriously as a raw material and reliever medication canker sores constipation problems.

Some of the benefits of pepino fruit is as follows:

1. Improve Stamina
The fruit is also considered useful for people with diabetes, heart disease, stroke, high blood pressure, cancer and kidney stones. Regular consumption of pepino will provide optimal results for the prevention of these diseases. Pepino fruit is also useful to improve stamina.

2. Rich in Vitamins and Minerals
Fruit is a plant phytochemical compounds, vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and natural food fiber. Phytochemical compounds are natural chemicals found in plants that give flavor, aroma, or color of a typical plant. Some properties of phytochemical compounds are: anticancer, antimicrobial, antioxidant, antithrombotic, boost the immune system, anti-inflammatory, regulates blood pressure, lower cholesterol and regulate blood sugar levels.

Pepino fruit is oval shaped with the weight varies, depending on the size of the fruit. This fruit contains a variety of useful nutrients for health, especially in the form of various minerals and vitamins. The minerals contained in pepino fruits are iron, zinc, copper, manganese, calcium and phosphorus. Some minerals such as copper, zinc, and manganese is also an antioxidant mineral.

Pepino is rich in vitamin C and vitamin B complex. The content of vitamin C in fruit pepino 25 mg per 100 grams of meat. Vitamin C is useful to prevent thrush and maintain healthy gums. In addition to vitamin E, vitamin C is a natural antioxidant useful against free radical attack, the cause of premature aging, and various types of cancer. Vitamin C is needed to enhance the body's immune system, so that the body is not susceptible to disease.

Vitamin C is good for skin and beauty care to prevent premature aging, like wrinkles on the face. Vitamin C also acts as an antioxidant which may counteract free radicals that enter the body through the foods that are fried or baked. Free radicals are very dangerous because it could potentially cause a blockage of blood vessels.

3. High fiber and beta-carotene
Dietary fiber (dietary fiber) pepino fruit is very good, 1 to 1.5 grams per 100 grams. Fiber is needed to lower cholesterol. In the digestive tract, fiber binds bile acids (the end product of cholesterol) and released with feces. The higher consumption of fiber, the more bile acids and fatty acids released.

In addition to preventing cholesterol, fiber aids the digestive system. Fibers capable of shortening the transit time, ie the time it takes food from the oral cavity until expelled as feces. Fiber binding carcinogenic (causing cancer). Thanks to the short transit time, residence time of carcinogenic substances in the body is also getting shorter, so that the smaller the chance of bodily harm.

Fiber is good for preventing diabetes, heart disease, stroke, cancer, and other cardiovascular diseases. Unfortunately, fiber consumption in Indonesia is still very low, about 10 grams per person per day. Should be 20-30 grams per person per day. Pepino is known as a source of beta carotene, 27 mg per 100 grams of meat. Beta-carotene is a provitamin A in the body is converted into vitamin A, which is useful in the process of vision, reproduction, and metabolism. 

Beta-carotene is an antioxidant that plays an important role in reducing the concentration of peroxyl radicals. Ability to work as antioxidants beta-carotene comes from its ability to stabilize the carbon-core radicals. Because beta-carotene is effective at low concentrations of oxygen, can complement the antioxidant properties of vitamin E is effective at high concentrations of oxygen. 

These antioxidants also known as an element of cancer prevention, especially skin cancer and lung cancer. Beta-carotene can reach more parts of the body in a relatively longer time than vitamin A, so as to provide more optimal protection against cancer.

 

 

Nutrition Facts

Serving Size: 1 medium Pepino (100g)

Amount Per Serving

Calories 80                                                                                                      Calories from Fat 0
                                                                                                  % Daily Value*
Total Fat 0                                                                                                                                                                          1%

Saturated Fat 0g                                                                                                                                   0%

Trans Fat


Cholesterol 0mg                                                                                                                                                     0%

Sodium 0mg                                                                                                                                                                        0%

Total Carbohydrate 22g                                                                                                                           7%

Dietary Fiber 5g                                                                                                                           20%

Sugars

Protein


Vitamin A                                                                                                                                                                          Vitamin C

Calcium                                                                                                                                                                 Iron

*Percent Daily Values are based on a 2,000 calorie diet. Your daily values may be higher or lower depending on your calorie needs.
Source: PMA's Labeling Facts

 

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